Three different ways of defining abnormality

European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. Age specific rates varied from 3. Eight studies gave rates for a sub-group of 'typical' autism varying from 1. Reasous for variations were sought by examining geographic and demographic details of the populations screened, methods for initial screening aud final examination of possibly autistic children, demographic and clinical details of children identified as autistic, and criteria used for diagnosis.

Three different ways of defining abnormality

Characteristics[ edit ] Some commonly found characteristics of serial killers include the following: They may exhibit varying degrees of mental illness or psychopathywhich may contribute to their homicidal behavior.

Individuals engage in paraphilias which are organized along a continuum; participating in varying levels of fantasy perhaps by focusing on body parts partialismsymbolic objects which serve as physical extensions of the body fetishismor the anatomical physicality of the human body; specifically regarding its inner parts and sexual organs one example being necrophilia.

Three different ways of defining abnormality

Many are fascinated with fire setting. Kenneth Bianchi was teased as a child because he urinated in his pants, suffered twitching, and as a teenager was ignored by his peers.

Three different ways of defining abnormality

He was considered a pillar of the local community; he even won a professional award for a children's asthma clinic and was interviewed by Granada Television 's World in Action on ITV.

Neither was known to have exhibited many of the tell-tale signs. German serial killer Fritz Haarmann with police detectives, November Development[ edit ] Many serial killers have faced similar problems in their childhood development.

Hickey's Trauma Control Model explains how early childhood trauma can set the child up for deviant behavior in adulthood; the child's environment either their parents or society is the dominant factor determining whether or not the child's behavior escalates into homicidal activity.

It was common for the serial killers to come from a family that had experienced divorce, separation, or the lack of a parent.

Furthermore, nearly half of the serial killers had experienced some type of physical or sexual abuse, and even more had experienced emotional neglect.

This neglect of the child leads to the lowering of their self-esteem and helps develop a fantasy world in which they are in control.

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Hickey's Trauma Control Model supports how the neglect from parents can facilitate deviant behavior, especially if the child sees substance abuse in action.

If a child receives no support from those around him or her, then he or she is unlikely to recover from the traumatic event in a positive way. As stated by E. Maccoby, "the family has continued to be seen as a major—perhaps the major—arena for socialization". Two serial killers, Bobby Joe Long and Richard Speckcame to attention for reported chromosomal abnormalities.

Long had an extra X chromosome. Speck was erroneously reported to have an extra Y chromosome ; in fact, his karyotype was performed twice and was normal each time.

Hellen Morrison, an American forensic psychiatrist, said in an interview that while researchers have not identified a specific causal gene, the fact that the majority of serial killers are male leads researchers to believe there is "a change associated with the male chromosome make up.

This new reality becomes their fantasy that they have total control of and becomes part of their daily existence. In this fantasy world, their emotional development is guided and maintained.

According to Garrison"the child becomes sociopathic because the normal development of the concepts of right and wrong and empathy towards others is retarded because the child's emotional and social development occurs within his self-centered fantasies.

Explanations of Abnormality

A person can do no wrong in his own world and the pain of others is of no consequence when the purpose of the fantasy world is to satisfy the needs of one person" Garrison, Boundaries between fantasy and reality are lost and fantasies turn to dominance, control, sexual conquest, and violence, eventually leading to murder.Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" compared to the members of a given society.

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This particular web section is designed to present more than one view of a controversial subject, pro and con. Examples of abnormality can take many different forms and involve different features, so that, what at first sight seem quite reasonable definitions, turns out to be quite problematical.

There are several different ways in which it is possible to define ‘abnormal’ as opposed to our ideas of what is ‘normal’. A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people, usually in service of abnormal psychological gratification, with the murders taking place over more than a month and including a significant period of time between them.

Different authorities apply different criteria when designating serial killers. While most set a threshold of three murders, others extend it to four or. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time.

ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence.

The Definition and Prevalence of Autism by Lorna Wing