The role and importance of the p 51 mustang

Because of its significance, both military and otherwise, it deserves the attention. As a weapon and an aircraft, it was in every way superb. Not including ineffectual freak-shows such as the Me, "Prince of Turbojet", the P flew the fastest, the furthest, safest, etc.

The role and importance of the p 51 mustang

Its pilot, Fg Off G. This initial P Mustang combat operation had come several months after the Mustang had entered squadron service, but the comparative lethargy with which the P Mustang was committed to combat illustrated the fact that at that time there was no immediate need to hurry the aircraft into action.

They gave valuable training in the developing use of air and ground assets in a much more combined way that allowed both to work effectively together, a factor that would be very important in the later stages of World War Two, following the Allied invasion of Europe in June One of the most important of the e was a major exercise codenamed Spartan, which took place in East Anglia in March Codenamed Operation Jubilee, the amphibious landing by a combined Allied force on the French coast at Dieppe on 19 August were a complete shamble, resulting in considerable loss of life.

The Dieppe operation also saw the first really widespread use of the P Mustang in strength. Specifically supporting the landings were four Mustang squadrons that had been drawn into a new organization within ACC ,a wing comprising several squadron based at the same airfield.

Number 35 Wing included 26, and Sqns and was based at Gatwick. Of course, many other Allied air asset were involved in the Dieppe operation, including a considerable number of fighters and medium bombers, but the Mustangs were tasked with reconnaissance of German position and deployments in and around the Dieppe area, plus the support, where practical, of the Allied forces on the ground and landing areas.

In performing these tasks the P Mustangs encountered considerable anti-aircraft fire from the ground, and a number of combats took place with German fighters. During the course of seventy-two sorties that day no fewer than nine Mustangs were shot down, including five from 26 Sqn and one Canadian operated aircraft.

However, there was one piece of good news. It would certainly not be the last. There were many targets in occupied northern France that were suitable for attack, including German road transport, railways, airfields and the whole range of small-scale German military installations and individual target spread across Normandy and beyond.

In this role the Mustangs excelled, their eight-gun armament being effective against a wide variety of light targets. Mustangs were also tasked on occasion with the very necessary fighter role of trying to combat fast, low-flying Luftwaffe fighter-bombers that were mounting often destructive raid against towns along the south coast of England during and well into There is an oft-repeated and interesting story about the long-range capabilities of the Allison-engined RAF Mustangs.

The first Polish-manned squadron to operate the Allison-powered P Mustang was Sqn, which started to convert to the Mustang in June A pilot from this squadron, Flt Lt J. While over Norway he attacked some enemy positions near Stavanger.

Indeed, on 21 October an armed reconnaissance was flown by Sqn to the Dortmund-Ems Canal in the northern Ruhr area of Germany, the first time that British-based fighter had been able to perform an effective round-trip into German airspace in strength from British bases.

Needless to say, this mechanically-complicated and rather unsafe concept never entered production on any aircraft type. Nevertheless, a number of pilot succeeded in achieving aerial victories, and during the Allison Mustang period the three Canadian squadrons, according to Canadian sources, scored On 1 June the ACC was disbanded.

However, this was not quite the whole story of the British use of these early Mustangs. Allison-engined Mustangs also operated with British forces in another theatre of the war, albeit in very small numbers.

The role and importance of the p 51 mustang

This was in the Mediterranean and southern Europe, where some examples served briefly with British units. With the advent of the jet-powered Gloster Meteor and de Havilland Vampire, and later still the superb Hawker Hunter, the RAF increasingly converted its frontline squadrons to jet power, particularly it home-based units.(66) As an example of how the P impacted air-to-air combat results, the 4th Group had about 75 kills in Ps from March to February when they received Ps.

By mid-March , the group had scored its th victory in a month and a half in . The long range afforded by the Merlin engine permitted the P Mustang to operate against the Japanese home islands. These Ps are escorted by a B Superfortress back to . The P51 Mustang was one of the most effective planes of World War Two.

The P51 Mustang gave the bombers of US 8th Air Force the fighter cover it so desperately needed over occupied Europe and, therefore, greatly assisted the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany in World War Two.

Why Nothing Could Stop the P Mustang. Marrying an American dive-bomber design and a British engine, the North American P Mustang became one of the greatest fighters of World War II.

P Mustangs played a highly important role before, during and after D-Day by performing many tactical missions against German forces in northern France, in addition to their normal bomber escort duties.

These embraced a wide range of targets, but importantly included rail and communications, as the Allies attempted to stop German reinforcements reaching the main area of battle in Normandy.

The P Mustang is arguably the best aircraft of World War Two, if not all time. Because of its significance, both military and otherwise, it deserves the attention. As a weapon and an aircraft, it was in every way superb.

P51 Mustang - History Learning Site