She was bilingual and bicultural—feeling at home in different communities with quite different values—and the influence of French life and literature on her thinking is noticeable throughout her fiction. From to Kate attended the St. As a girl, she was mentored by woman—by her mother, her grandmother, and her great grandmother, as well as by the Sacred Heart nuns. Much of the fiction Kate wrote as an adult draws on the nurturing she received from women as she was growing up.
Creoles Origin The term Creole can create some difficulty in determining one's actual race due to the origin of the word and different uses it has to describe race. The earliest recollection of the word creole comes in the early 16th century from Garcilaso de la Vega.
In his book, "Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru," Garcilaso de la Vega tells us that the word criollos or criollas was first invented by the Negroes to mean a Negro born in the Indies.
Its use was devised to distinguish between Negros born in the Indies compared to those that were born in the New World since the former were held in high honor since they were born in their own country.
He later goes on to state that the Spanish copied the term from the Negroes to describe people born in the new world. This means that all people born in the New World, both Spaniards and Guinea Negroes, were now considered criollo.
The other origin of the word criollo comes from Father J. De Acosta decided that mixed breeds from the New World were neither Spanish, African on Indian, meaning that they had no race. De Acosta decided to identify them as criollos, which came from the Latin word crear, meaning create.
From that time, and approximately the next years, Creole or criollo referred to not a color or race, but a person that was born in the New World. The word also has many meanings throughout the different parts of the world. In the 16th century the term was used in parts of the United States to describe native born persons who were descendants of French, Spanish and Portuguese who were settlers in Latin America, the West Indies and Southern United States.
In Louisiana, specifically they were French speaking white descendants of early French and Spanish settlers.
They were considered elite members of society and they celebrated their French culture and lived according to the mannerisms and traditions of European society. Many of them refused to learn English and remained loyal to the colonies.
Once the Spanish took possession of New Orleans, they began to use Criollo with regards to the French. The term was later adopted and became Creole. They considered them uncouth and irreligious. They maintained a strict separation in New Orleans by living in one part of the city east of Canal Street while the New Americans settled west of Canal Street.
The New Americans were appalled at the way of life in Creole society. They were disturbed by the dominance of the French language, the number of free people of color and the way slaves were allowed to practice African traditions.
Louisiana was unlike any place in the United States at the time because of the racial makeup. French men often took African women as mistresses or common law wives and sometimes married them.
Louisiana Creoles "Free People of Color" When the French settlers moved to Louisiana, the placage system was set up due to a shortage of accessible white women. The French wanted to expand its population in the new world, however men were not expected to marry until their early thirties and premarital sex was inconceivable.
African woman soon became the concubines of white male colonists, which in some cases they happened to be sons of noblemen, military men, plantation owners, etc. Soon, wealthy white Creole men would marry and, in some cases, they would possess two families. One with the white woman they were legally married to, and one with their mistress of color.
The offspring from their mistresses were then grouped into a new class of creoles known as gens de couleur, or free people of color. This class of people would soon expand when refugees from Haiti and other French speaking colonies would migrate to New Orleans, effectively creating a new middle class between the white French Creoles and slaves.
This class of colored people was unique to the South as they were not in the same category as African slaves. They were elite members of society who were often leaders in business, agriculture, politics, and the arts.
At one time the center of their residential community was the French Quarter. Many were educated, owned their own property and businesses. Additionally, some were even slave-owners. They formed a third class in the slave society.
This meant that pre-civil war race was mainly divided into four categories.By the early s, Kate Chopin began writing short stories, articles, Louisiana Public Broadcasting, under president Beth Courtney, produced a documentary on Chopin's life, Kate Chopin: A Reawakening.
In the penultimate episode of the first season of HBO's Treme, set in New Orleans. Detailed biographical information about Kate Chopin, The Awakening, short stories.
For students, scholars, and readers. Kate’s family on her mother’s side was of French extraction, and Kate grew up speaking both French and English. Her early life had a great deal of trauma. In , her father was killed in a railroad accident. Kate Chopin was born Catherine O'Flaherty in St.
Louis on February 8, Her mother, Eliza Faris, came from an old French family that lived outside of St. Louis.
Her father, Thomas, was a highly successful Irish-born businessman; he died . The losses in Kate Chopin‟s life had serious impacts on her views and writing.
For example, her father‟s death inspired her to write “The Story of an Hour,” which was the imagined effect she thought it would have on her mother.
Kate Chopin was an American novelist and short story writer who rose to prominence in the latter half of the 19th century and is considered by some literary scholars as one of .
Kate Chopin's sympathies lay with the individual in the context of his and her personal life and society. Through her stories, Kate Chopin wrote her autobiography and documented her surroundings; she lived in a time when her surroundings included the abolitionist movements and the emergence of feminism.