Modern critics disagree on whether the work of Wordsworth and Coleridge constituted a major break with the criticism of their predecessors or if it should more properly be characterized as a continuation of the aesthetic theories of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century German and English writers. Poetry would henceforth be considered an expressive rather than a mimetic art.
Forest of Fallen Stars Posts: First of all Wordsworth writes that he chose low and rustic life, where the essential passions of the heart find a better soil to attain their maturity.
They are less under restraint and speak a plainer and more emphatic language. In rustic life our basic feelings coexist in greater simplicity and more accurately contemplated and more forcibly communicated.
The manners of rural life, sprang from those elementary feelings and from the necessary character of rural occupations, are more easily realized and are more durable.
Lastly the passions of men are incorporated with the beautiful and permanent forms of nature. Secondly, that the language of these men is adopted because they hourly communicate with the best objects from which the best part of language is originally derived.
Being less under social vanity, they convey their feelings and ideas in simple and outright expressions because of their rank in society and the equality and narrow circle of their intercourse. Thirdly, he made a number of statements regarding the language and diction of poetry.
Of these, Coleridge refutes the following parts: As regards the first statement, i. Characters in poems like Ruth, Michael, The Brothers, are not low and rustic. Secondly, their language and sentiments do not necessarily arise from their abode or occupation.
They are attributable to causes of their similar sentiments and language, even if they have different abode or occupation. These causes are mainly two: Even if they lived in the city away from Nature they would have similar sentiments and language. In the opinion of Coleridge, a man will not be benefited from a life in rural solitudes unless he has natural sensibility and suitable education.
As regards the second statement of Wordsworth, Coleridge objects to the view that the best part of language is derived from the objects with which the rustic hourly communicates. First, communication with an object implies reflection on it and the richness of vocabulary arises from such reflection.
Now the rural conditions of life do not require any reflection, hence the vocabulary of the rustics is poor. They can express only the barest facts of nature and not the ideas and thoughts which results from their reflection.
Whatever rustics use, are derived not from nature, but from The Bible and from the sermons of noble and inspired preachers. Coleridge takes up his statements, one by one, and demonstrates that his views are not justified.
Wordsworth asserts that the language of poetry is: The language varies from person to person, class to class, place to place. First, language is both a matter and the arrangement of words. Words both in prose and poetry may be the same but their arrangement is different.
This difference arises from the fact that the poetry uses metre and metre requires a different arrangement of words.Wordsworth theory of language of poetry and Coleridge’s criticism on it, is of great significance in the history of literary criticism. Wordsworth revolts against the poetic diction of eighteenth century.
His theory has some merits and at the same time has certain demerits. Wordsworth rejects poetic diction by saying, “avoid poetic diction”.He says that neither there is nor could be. He agreed with Wordsworth's idea of plain poetic diction but felt his colleague had not given enough thought to selecting from the language of everyday life.
He thought Wordsworth's poetry reached a true sublimity when he most forgot his own ideas.
Wordsworth theory of language of poetry and Coleridge’s criticism on it, is of great significance in the history of literary criticism. Wordsworth revolts against the poetic diction of eighteenth century. Perhaps this was partly due to Coleridge's constant awareness that Wordsworth was the greater poet, and the dissipation of his own poetry as Wordsworth's grew into maturity.
However, it was also undoubtedly due in some part to Wordsworth's growing contribution and . Coleridge’s Criticsm of Poetic Diction. 7 July Life; Coleridge on Poetic Diction. Coming then to a detailed consideration of Wordsworth’s theory of poetic diction, he takes up his statements, one by one, and demonstrates that his views are not justified.
Wordsworth asserts that the language of poetry is “a selection of the real. Jul 31, · S. T. Coleridge: Criticism on Wordsworth's Theory of Poetic Diction Coleridge claimed credit for these theories and said they were “half the child of his brain”. But later on, his views underwent the change; he no longer agreed with Wordsworth’s theories and so criticized them.