Americas food consumption trends essay

Fastfood restaurant in Eastern Europe: Traditional street food is available around the world, usually through small and independent vendors operating from a cart, table, portable grill or motor vehicle. Common examples include Vietnamese noodle vendors, Middle Eastern falafel stands, New York City hot dog cartsand taco trucks.

Americas food consumption trends essay

Open in a separate window The marked rise in available food energy observed globally has been accompanied by changes in the composition of the diet.

The process involved in such dietary change appears to follow a pattern involving two main stages. This development has been ubiquitous, occurring in both developed and developing countries. This shift is primarily from carbohydrate-rich staples cereals, roots, tubers to vegetable oils, animal products meat and dairy foods and sugar.

In contrast to the first stage, this one is country-specific and is influenced by culture, beliefs and religious traditions. In particular, such traditions can influence the extent to which animal products substitute vegetable products and the specific types of meat and animal products consumed.

Their contribution to energy intake varies markedly between developing and industrial countries. In developing countries such as in Africa and parts of Asia, cereals can contribute as much as 70 per cent of energy intake, while in industrial countries, for example, the UK, they provide approximately 30 per cent of energy intake and 50 per cent of available carbohydrates.

Projecting toit is expected that the share of cereals in calories for food use will continue to decline slowly from 54 per cent in to 49 per cent in and 46 per cent in Alexandratos Trends and future projections of available food consumption for individual cereal categories are outlined in electronic supplementary material, tables S1 and S2.

Globally, rice consumption grams per capita per day has seen negligible increases. This is due in large part to the declines in rice consumption in those countries that have predominantly rice-based diets e. China and other East Asian countries.

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Popular on CBS News Trends in the supply of vegetables per capita, by region, Source: This has raised fears that the world may not be able to grow enough food and other commodities to ensure that future populations are adequately fed.
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In those regions where consumption levels have historically been low e. Oceania, North America, Africa and Europemodest increases in consumption are projected, although these would still be far lower than the levels of intake in those regions with rice-based diets e.

In contrast to this rather static situation for rice, global wheat consumption has increased at a faster rate than all other cereals.

Americas food consumption trends essay

This growth is largely accounted for by the increase in developing countries particularly in China, India from the green revolution, reflecting increased crop yields. In terms of future projections, growth in wheat consumption will continue to be greatest in developing countries.

This will be accompanied by continuing growth in wheat imports, especially in the non-producing countries or those countries favouring a dependence on diets that are made up of roots, tubers, bananas and plantains.

The consumption of coarse grains including millet and maize has been declining or remained largely unchanged in most regions of the world since the s electronic supplementary material, tables S1 and S2.

Specifically, the available food consumption of millet has declined globally and particularly in Africa. Nonetheless, coarse grains including sorghum continue to be a major contributor to cereal consumption for many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. In world terms, maize consumption has increased and this increase is set to continue, albeit modestly, to Much of this increase is accounted for by the industrial countries, especially North America, which has seen developments in maize being used as sweeteners.

In many developing countries, non-animal-based sources of protein are still dominant. In other regions such as India, the Middle East and those in Africa, goats and camels are the main meats consumed. In the UK, poultry chicken has now become the most popular meat source. Apart from the muscle, other parts of the animal collectively described as offal are also consumed.

Meat products such as sausages, burgers, pork pies, etc. Unlike developing countries such as Brazil, which has seen a threefold increase, and China a dramatic ninefold increase in total meat consumption, it is not expected that countries such as India and Africa will see anything like these increases in the consumption of meat in the coming decades.

The UK has one of the lowest intakes of red meat in Europe and consumption has been decreasing over the past 30 years. Contributors to this recent decline have been a number of food-related health scares, e. Globally, however, a considerable amount of the increase in meat consumption may be attributed to the increase in poultry consumption worldwide.

Beef is the one meat group that on a worldwide level showed no increase in consumption levels during this time. This trend reflects the fact that while beef consumption rose modestly in some regions in developing countries such as China and Brazilit fell very modestly in most other regions North America, Oceania and Europe.

Projecting to suggests that the consumption of meat will increase moderately, and this will largely reflect increases in pork and particularly poultry. The levels of egg consumption grams per capita per day have doubled worldwide, with the increases more marked in developing countries compared with industrial countries.

However, within these two categories of countries, considerable variability is apparent, with some developing countries such as India and many countries in sub-Saharan Africa showing little or no rise, and others such as Brazil and China experiencing quite marked increases in egg consumption.

A similar picture of variability exists for the industrial countries, showing a modest rise in Europe, especially eastern Europe, a modest decline in North America and a sharper decline in Oceania electronic supplementary material, tables S5 and S6. While milk intake has risen in a number of developing countries, especially in Asia, in the USA, it has declined sharply over the past several decades, and this has been mirrored by a rise in the consumption of carbonated beverages and juices Cavadini et al.

The future patterns of consumption to for these livestock products suggest that the consumption of eggs will continue to rise and the consumption of milk will continue to fall at least in developed countrieswhile there will be no appreciable changes in butter and cheese consumption at the global level.

The main fishes consumed are white fish, oily fish and seafood invertebrates.In order to better understand the relationship between food consumption patterns, diets and the emergence of noncommunicable diseases, it is crucial to obtain more reliable information on actual food consumption patterns and trends based on representative consumption surveys.

Food Consumption Not all people eat the same food, but there are some connections between who people eat with and what types of food they eat. Throughout life, people live with different people or alone and they eat different food.

This section on the web site provides an insight into deeper issues of consumption and consumerism. Global Issues. If the trends continue without change — not redistributing from high-income to low-income consumers, not shifting from polluting to cleaner goods and production technologies, not promoting goods that empower.

Implications Associated with Our Addiction to Excessive Consumption Should we fail to reconcile voluntarily the "infiniteness" associated with our material wants and expectations with the "finiteness" associated with the earth’s natural resources and derivative economic resources -- thereby remaining addicted to excessive consumption -- we.

A close examination of global food consumption trends from studies on food consumption over a long period of time and over a wide range of spatial coverage uncovers clear emerging patterns.

This article details the trading-up phenomenon and the convergence phenomenon. It shows the landscape of food consumption in the world by reviewing the per capita consumption pattern of major agricultural. America's Eating Habits: Changes and Consequences.

and trends in eating away from home affect nutrient intake; how much do people know about nutrition and how does nutrition knowledge and attitudes affect intake of fats and cholesterol; how do different government programs and regulations influence food expenditures and consumption; what.

Globalization and Trends in World Food Consumption - Oxford Handbooks