The United States experienced an influx of almostEuropeans andAfricans, most of which were indentured servants. It would be the differences between these groups that would set them apart from each other for several years to come. Differences not only between environment and geography, but also between motives, politics, religious beliefs and business aspirations would eventually lead to the American Civil War two hundred years later. New Englander's immediately faced a harsh first winter then quickly flourished and experienced a rather successful immigration into several colonies.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. These dissimilarities include but are not limited to the differences between the social structure, family life, forms of government, religion, and the lives of indentured servants and children in the two colonies.
The social structure and family life of the two colonies varied greatly. The inhabitants of the Chesapeake Bay colonies were never able to establish a successful social structure or sense of family life due primarily to the nature of its inhabitants. According to the essay Looking Out for Number One: The Way We Lived These settlers who colonized the Chesapeake Bay region, primarily being composed of males, came for only one reason and that was in order to make a profit.
According to the essay Looking Out for Number One, the pursuit of private gain outranked the creation of corporate communities.
As a result of this idea, on March 22nd, the Indians of the region launched a coordinated attack on the scattered, poorly defended white settlements, and before the colonists could react, of them had been killed.
Due to the minute number of women who made the journey to the Chesapeake Bay, there was very little sense of family life in the Chesapeake Bay colonies. Contrary to the exploitive competitive individualism present in Virginia, as well as the rest of the Chesapeake Bay, a deep sense of cooperative commitment to building a new Zion characterized the society established in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
The Puritans who settled the New England colonies in Massachusetts Bay placed a high importance on creating a fully functional society.
In order to create this fully functional society the Puritans relied heavily on family life, and according to the essay The Godly Family of Colonial Massachusetts, never thought of the family as purely a private unit, rigorously separated from the surrounding community.
As a result of the emphasis and importance that the Puritans placed on the family, the Puritan community felt that the larger community had a duty to ensure that families performed their functions properly. Not only did the Puritans emphasize the importance of family life with regards to the community, but also with regards to economy.
The Puritan family was the main unit of production in the economic system. The Way We Lived 43which meant that each family member was expected to contribute economically whether it be through tending to gardens, herding animals, spinning wool, or just taking care of younger brothers and sisters.
The social structure in the New England colonies, unlike that of the Chesapeake Bay colonies, helped to insure the safety of its inhabitants by forming a closely knit community while maintaining a high quality of family life which allowed the Massachusetts Bay colonies to thrive.
Another significant difference between the settlement of the Chesapeake Bay colonies and the New England colonies was government. The Virginia Company who financed and organized the settlement of Virginia was the first attempt at government.
However, in when the Virginia Company lost its charter, the colony was thrown into catastrophe because no one knew who held legitimate authority. In the Chesapeake Bay colonies, they also had the House of Burgesses which founded in, was used in order to maintain the representative government that the colonists of the Chesapeake Bay colonies demanded.
Some what different from this was the government that was present in the New England colonies. As with many other aspects of life, the Puritans government was based on family.
According to the essay The Godly Family of Colonial Massachusetts, The household—not the individual was the fundamental unit of society.
The political order was not an agglomeration of detached individuals; it was an organic unity composed of families. Since the political decisions were based on families instead of the individuals themselves, each Puritan household received only one vote on issues that were presented.
As was customary in the time, the father would represent the head of the household at the polls. If the husband was not able to go to the polls then it would be handed down to the wife and she would represent the family at the poles.
Another major difference between the Chesapeake Bay colonies and the New England colonies was religion. The street toughs and roughnecks who settled in the Chesapeake Bay colonies were not very churchly people although occasionally someone would comment on the need for churches and more importantly schools.
Although it was commented upon, the large distances between plantations would have made it nearly impossible to build a church that was close enough to be used by everyone. The quote, Church buildings were in perpetual state of decay; ministers were poorly supported by there parishioners The Way We Lived 27shows just how little the people of the Chesapeake Bay colonies cared about religion.
The settlers of the New England colonies were quite different when it came to religion. The Puritans that inhabited the New England colonies regarded religion as being of the utmost importance.
Many of the laws and ideals in the Puritan society had some root from religion. A Massachusetts statute, for example, required heads of the households to lead their households in prayers and scriptural readings; to teach their children, servants, and apprentices to read; and to catechize household members in the principles of religion and law.
Another way in which the Puritans applied religion in their society was in family life. Based upon the Old Testament, the Puritans instituted the ideal that the father was endowed with patriarchal authority as head of his household.
Along with that idea, the Puritans believed that their religion taught that family rolls were part of a continuous chain of hierarchical and delegated authority descending from God, and it was within the family matrix that all larger, external conceptions of authority, duty, and discipline were defined.
Perhaps the most important way in which the Puritans administered religion into their society was through the way they raised their kids. The Puritan religion taught that even newborn infants were embodiments of guilt and sin traceable to Adams transgression in Edenwho, unless saved by God, were doomed to writhe in Satans clutches for eternity.
As a result of their belief in infant depravity and original sin, they would forcefully break down and tear apart a childs sinful nature and instill respect for divinely instituted authority.After several failed attempts, the first permanent English settlement in mainland North America was established in at Jamestown in the Colony and Dominion of rutadeltambor.com , the Colony and Dominion of Virginia ceased to be a charter colony administered by the Virginia Company of London and became a crown rutadeltambor.com Pilgrims were a small Protestant sect based in England and Amsterdam.
a general map of the middle british colonies, in america; viz. virginia, mariland, delaware, pensilvania, new-jersey, new-york, connecticut, and rhode island: of aquanishuonigy, the country of the confederate indians; comprehending aquanishuonigy proper, their place of residence, ohio and tiiuxsoxruntie their deer-hunting countries, couxsaxrage and skaniadarade, their beaver-hunting.
Chesapeake And New England Colonies Essay Words | 8 Pages. city to fall into the extremes of poverty and wealth. The New England community was so strong and so supportive in comparison to that of the Chesapeake Bay, that it is no wonder they developed . Spesso nella vita, come nel tango, si devono fare due passi indietro per poi farne uno in avanti.
Anonymous (attributed to Edmund Burke), The history of the war in America, between Great Britain and her colonies from its commencement to the end of the year , rutadeltambor.com: Printed for the Company of Booksellers. Click on i to d/l.. Anonymous (attributed to Edmund Burke), The history of the war in America, between Great Britain and her colonies from its commencement to the end of.
In the early years of the Chesapeake Bay settlements, colonial officials found it difficult to attract and retain laborers under the harsh frontier conditions, and there was a high mortality rate.
Most laborers came from Britain as indentured laborers, signing contracts of indenture to pay with work for their passage, their upkeep and training, usually on a farm.